Italian Historical Figures Research

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30 Responses to Italian Historical Figures Research

  1. Brandon Marzan says:

    I am researching Giordano Bruno, who was born in 1548 in a town near Naples called Nola. Originally called Filippo, he took the name Giordano when he entered into the Dominican order. Bruno is most noted for being a philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer publishing such works as De l’Infinito, Universo e Mondi (“On the Infinite Universe and Worlds”), De Umbras Idearum, (“The Shadows of Ideas”), and Cena de le Ceneri (“The Ash Wednesday Supper”). I will be presenting my research in the Campo de’ Fiori where Bruno was burned at the stake for his ideas that contrasted with the Church’s ideas.

    • Brandon Marzan says:

      As I’ve previously mentioned, I want to present my historical figure in Campo de’ Fiori where Giordano Bruno was burned at the stake for his beliefs. There is even a statue of Bruno that was erected in Campo de’ Fiori in memory of him.

  2. April Aggacid says:

    I am researching Michelangelo Merisi who was born on September 28,1571 and his surname, Caravaggio, came from his hometown in Lombardy in northern Italy. Caravaggio was an artist known for his paintings that were controversial and popular. He was known to be a radical naturalism artist that combined close physical observation with a dramatic, even theatrical use of chiaroscuro. He became popular in the Rome art scene in the 1600 with his first commissions, the “Martyrdom of Saint Matthew” and “Calling of Saint Matthew”. Caravaggio died at the age 38 on July 18, 1610 in Porto Ercole, Tuscany. I will be presenting my research to my Rome Prize classmates in San Luigi dei Francesi. Inside in the Contarelli Chapel we can see Caravaggio’s, “The Calling of Saint Matthew”, “ Inspiration of Saint Matthew”, and “The Martyrdom of Saint Matthew”.

    • April Aggacid says:

      The Contarelli Chapel is located within the church of San Luigi dei Francesi which the chapel holds Caravaggio’s three art work called “The Calling of Saint Matthew”, “ Inspiration of Saint Matthew”, and “The Martyrdom of Saint Matthew”.

  3. Bobby Domingo says:

    I am researching Saint Peter also known as Simon Peter in the New Testament of the Bible. He is known as one of the twelve original apostles under Jesus of Nazareth, early Christian leader, and first bishop and pope of the Catholic faith. He was executed under Emperor Nero and was famously claimed to be crucified upside down because he did not see himself worthy to be crucified like Christ. I will present my research in Saint Peter’s Basilica because that is the building under his name and his remains are buried below in the underground Confessio.

    • Bobby Domingo says:

      Saint Peter’s Basilica is named after St. Peter and is a very significant place for the Catholic faith. Not only that, but his remains are said to be buried below the basilica.

  4. Misty Martinez says:

    I am researching Galileo Galilei who was born in Pisa, Italy on February 15, 1564. He had a significant role in the scientific revolution of the 17th century, but more specifically he is noted as an italian physicist, philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician. He is known for the Copernicus theory and it’s contradicting views, and was in fact the first to create the telescope in which he used to be the first man to look at the Moon. I choose to present my information on Galileo Galilei at the Vatican in order to reveal the constant struggle between science and religion that Galileo faced with the Pope and the church. Also, it is the ideal location to reveal how a tower at the Vatican was built to serve as a solar observatory for astronomers, aiding in the connection between science and religion.

    • Misty Martinez says:

      I have chosen to do my presentation on Galileo Galilei, anywhere near the Vatican, preferably near a chapel or in front of St. Peter’s Basilica. The main reason why I would like to present on Galileo near the Vatican is because Galilei represented a connection between both science and religion that I think is very important. He also had interaction with the Pope because of his support in the Copernicus theory and what it stood for.

  5. Katie McGuire says:

    I am researching Francesco Borromini, whose original name is Francesco Castelli. He was born September 25 1599 and died August 2 1667 in Rome. Borromini was an Italian architect who was known for his Baroque architectural style. He was most well known for basing his designs on geometric figures. I think a good place to present about Francesco Borromini would be the San Carlo alle Quatro Fontane church in Rome, because Borromini’s designs for this church secured his reputation throughout Europe.

    • Katie McGuire says:

      This is a picture of the San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane church in Rome. It was designed by Francesco Borromini and was his first independent project as an architect. This church is also an important example of Baroque architecture.

  6. Yesenia Lechuga says:

    I am researching Emperor Hadrian who was born January 24, 76 AD and died on July 10, 138 AD. He is known for being one of the five “good Roman emperors” who reigned from 117 to 138 AD. During his reign, it is said that Rome reached its maximum splendor, although he didn’t expand the empire, instead, he focused on travel, building, repairing, and strengthening the empire’s frontiers (a good example is Hadrian’s Wall built across Britain to keep barbarians out). He spent more time travelling the empire than he did in Rome; more than any other emperor. He was especially interested in Greece and Egypt, and loved Greek architecture. I will either be presenting at the Pantheon or Castel sant’Angelo, or both! He ordered the Pantheon (whose outer colonnade exhibits Greek inspiration) to be rebuilt in 118 AD, after it was destroyed twice before; it is now the best preserved ancient Roman monument. Castel sant’Angelo was once the tallest building in Rome. Hadrian ordered it to be built as a mausoleum for himself and his family, so it served as his burial place, but later was used as a fortress and castle.

    • Yesenia Lechuga says:

      The Pantheon is the best preserved and most influential building of ancient Rome. It was built by Marcus Agrippa under Augustus’ reign as a temple to the gods of pagan Rome. After it was burned down to the ground twice, emperor Hadrian had it rebuilt, but still put Marcus Agrippa’s name on the front. He incorporated Greek inspiration as seen in the outer colonnade. In the 7th century, the Byzantine emperor Phocas gave the Pantheon to Pope Boniface VIII and since then it was used as a Catholic church dedicated to St. Mary and the Martyrs, or “Santa Maria della Rotonda.” After the Renaissance, it was also used a burial place for a number of people. The Roman cylindrical structure, the dome, is the single largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world.

    • Yesenia Lechuga says:

      Emperor Hadrian originally ordered Castel Sant’Angelo to be built as a mausoleum (housing for tombs) for himself and his family in AD 123 and finished in AD 139. Over the years it functioned as apart of the city wall, a fortress, papal residence, barracks for military prison, and now a national museum. Because of its defensive and fortified walls, it was used as a refuge for the papacy in case of danger. The angel on top of the structure depicts the archangel Michael who was said to have appeared there in the year 590 and miraculously ended the plague that infested Rome; that is where it got its name.

      • Yesenia Lechuga says:

        Top picture was too big sorry!!

      • Bill Hynes says:

        Yesenia,

        Did you know about the “secret” passage that runs in the wall from the Vatican to Castel Santa Angelo? At the beginning of the Great Schism (3 Popes in the 1300s), the French cardinals fled to CSA and later went to Avignon in France, leaving the Italian Pope and other cardinals).

        Enjoy!

  7. John F. Kennedy says:

    I am doing my report on Niccolo Machiavelli. He was born on May 3rd 1469 and died on June 21st 1527.He was an Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist and writer. He is considered a founder of modern political science. He also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. Machiavelli was taught grammar, rhetoric, and Latin, and became a Chef. In 1494, Florence restored the republic expelling the Medici family, who had ruled Florence for some sixty years. In June 1498, shortly after the execution of Savonarola, Machiavelli, at the age of 29, was elected as head of the second chancery. Machiavelli began to participate in intellectual groups in Florence and wrote several plays that were both popular and widely known in his lifetime. Still politics remained his main passion, and to satisfy this interest he maintained a well-known correspondence with better politically connected friends, attempting to become involved once again in political life.

    • John F. Kennedy says:

      I am interested in visiting the place where my historical figure (Niccolo Machiaveli) is buried. I am interested in visiting this place so I can personally see one of the most important places on Machiaveli’s legacy, as a writer, a poet, a war strategist, and a philosopher.

  8. Isamar Quiroz says:

    I researched Raffaelo Sanzio. I discovered that he was born in 1483 and died in 1520. Raffaelo was a well known painter, architect and designer throughout the Italian Renaissance and High Renaissance. Raffaelo highly admired the work of Perugino and was lucky to be his apprentice while he lived in Florence. After some time he surpassed the teachings of his master and soon became known as “The Prince of Painters.” I thinl I will be presenting at Rome’s Santa Maria Del Popolo Chapel because he designed it. (Or the Vatican? where he painted in the “Stanze Room” for Pope Julius the second.)

    I also researched Artemisia Gentileschi who was born in Rome in the year 1593. Now, Artemesia is a well known female artist. During the Post-Renaissance era, she was marginalized because most of the recognized artists were the male.She learned many styles of painting from her father Orazio Gentileschi, but when schools rejected her her father referred her to a friend of his. The man by the name of Agostino Tassi was her teacher and eventually took advantage of her. Artemesia now has the recognition that she deserved and she is now known as one of the world’s greatest female artists. I will be presenting Artemesia in the Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica ? because that is where her most famous painting, “Judith Slaying Holofernes”, is located.

    • Isamar Quiroz says:

      For Artemesia Gentileschi, The painting named “Judith Slaying Holofernes” is located in the Uffizi museum in Florence. This painting is one of Artemesia’s most most recognized piece and it holds little details of insight into her life.

    • Isamar Quiroz says:

      Raffaelo designed and painted the Chigi Chapel in the Basilica De Santa Maria Del Popolo. The Chigi Chapel is one of the six in the Popolo. Raffaelo designed it for a famous banker of that time. The paintings in the chapel show exactly why Raffaelo earned the title of “The Prince of Painters.”

  9. Ammy says:

    I researched the greatest Baroque sculptor, Gianlorenzo Bernini also known as Giovanni Lorenzo Bernine. He was born in Naples, Italy to a Florentine family on December 7, 1598 and died on November 28, 1680. Gian Lorenzo first trained in the Roman workshop of his father Pietro. At the age of seven he accompanied his father Pietro Bernini, a capable Mannerist sculptor himself, to Rome. In Rome the young prodigy’s capabilities were soon noticed by Pope Paul V. Bernini could therefore begin work as an independent artist. Bernini studied ancient models as had his “Renaissance predecessors, Donatello and Michelangelo, and as with these Renaissance sculptors, the skill of the ancients challenged him to the point that he transformed his own medium.” Bernini’s facility at carving marble was, like Michelangelo’s, unrivaled in his day, and that very skill drove him to compete with the ancients for “ingenuity of pose, variety of texture, and the quality that both ancient and modern critics praised above all others in works of art: likeness to life.” Bernini was also an artist and a prominent architect. The place that I would like to present Bernini is in the Church of Sant’ Andrea al Quirinale because it further demonstrated his ability as an architect or at the Four Rivers Fountain because it demonstrates Bernini’s knowledge of engineering principles.

    • Ammy says:

      The place where I would love to present Bernini is at the park called the Borghese gardens. The gardens belonged to the Borghese family. They were at the top of Rome’s wealthy upper-class elites and produced a pope (Pope Paul V), who upon becoming Pope placed family members in areas of power throughout the church, further increasing their wealth and influence. The Pope’s nephew was Scipione Borghese, who was a Cardinal in the church and a great patron of the arts. He built the family estate and the Borghese gardens, and set about commissioning great works of art to fill it. He discovered the young Bernini, who became his private sculptor from 1618 to 1624.
      During this time, Bernini created many masterpieces including the “Rape of Persephone,” also called “Pluto and Proserpina.” The word rape in this work of Bernini’s means “abduction.” This masterpiece was one of the work that gave Bernini fame and display his amazing abilities as a sculptor yet. In this wok what we see is Pluto (also called Hades), the powerful god of the underworld, kidnapping Persephone and carrying her away. The act is characterized of intense motion and struggle. She twists her body to free herself, resisting Pluto by pushing against his forehead with her hand. Her other arm is outstretched for help. It’s hard to see her face, but she screams in agony as visible tears, carved into the marble, slide from her eyes and down her cheeks.
      In addition, the sculpture captures the movement of the struggle as Pluto reaches across his body and grabs on her thigh. Bernini envisioned the sculpture as an unfolding event, one that could be read from 3 sides. “From the left, we see the initial struggle and resistance of Persephone. From the front, Pluto is seen arriving in the underworld, and appears in command of his captured victim. From the right, we see the aftermath and the three-headed dog Cerberus (who guards the underworld) along with Persephone’s tears.”
      It is truly an amazing sculpture. As Pluto grabs Persephone’s thigh, Bernini has carved the veins and tendons below the skin of hands, and the indentation of flesh on her leg. The sculpture is so real that is often mistaken for a photograph when you see reproductions. All of this, its even more impressive when we learned that Bernini was only 23 years old when he carved it, nearly 400 yeas ago!

  10. Tyrone Jr says:

    I researched the first engineer of the Rensissance, Filippo Brunelleschi, who was born in 1377CE in Florence. He invented perspective and constructed the dome on top of the Santa Maria del Fiore. The dome was his greatest accomplishment and is arguably the greatest architectural achievement of the Renaissance. It was the first self-supported dome ever built, the biggest since antiquity, and the techniques used to build it were quite unorthodox and revolutionary. Brunelleschi invented a fast and efficient hoist with the world’s first reverse gear, allowing an ox to raise or lower a load. This one of a few original techniques Brunelleschi used in constructing the dome. I assume I will be presenting Fillipo Brunelleschi at the location of the dome, Santa Maria del Fiore.

    • Andrew Rosequist says:

      I was thinking about our discussion about what “night life” in Italy means. A really good, brief, description is in the Italian Survival book on page 103. Under culture note “La Piazza and Evening Stroll”.

      I agree, Santa Maria del Fiore would be the assumed place to present Brunelleschi.

  11. Tyrone Jr says:

    Fillipo Brunelleschi’s Dome

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