Josh H.’s Page


I grew up in Sacramento, California.
I am a Related Fields Major studying Liberal Studies and Religion. I will be an RA (Resident Assistant) next year. This year I helped out with Campus Ministry, I am Vice President of Social media for our athletic committee, and I play baseball on the HNU team.
Studying abroad is important to me because I want to learn about a different culture and I want to develop my character while connecting with a people of different backgrounds.
And to those who made this possible: Thank you for giving me an opportunity to venture out to Rome, I am sure it will be a learning experience that I will remember for the rest of my life!

10 Responses to Josh H.’s Page

  1. Josh Hammer says:

    What I studied in the Arts of Rome course that I look forward to viewing and analyzing in Italy:
    Lesson 24 Discussion Questions
    1) The fabric of St Peter’s Church lasted for 160 years. Do you think that when a project takes a long time to be completed it brings it a better result?
    I think that when a project takes a long time to be completed it does not always bring a better result. I think it depends on the situation and the people that are working on a project. If you have creative people with a dedicated work ethic who work efficiently than perhaps it would be a better result faster than longer. If you know that the result takes time and is a process it could potentially be better. But all in all, I think that when a project takes a long time to be completed that it does not always bring a better result, but it sometimes can simply because as the saying goes slow and steady careful work usually wins the race. I think that there could potentially be problems in a longer process because after numerous years you would have to not only keep fabricating but also preserving everything else that was previously made to keep it well-conditioned so you can continue building and constructing.
    2) What are your thoughts on the Issues brought by Luther in the “95 Theses” regarding the money spent on the construction of the Basilica of St Peter?
    I think the issues brought by Luther in the “95 Theses” regarding the money spent on the construction of the Basilica of St. Peter were accurate, but it is hard to accept because the Basilica looks overwhelmingly beautiful. But I do think he is correct in the sense of that there should be a hundred ringing bells instead of just one big bell so everyone could have access to worship in a Church setting; but then again it seems that if there is one big Church, then more people would likely come together also. I think now that Basilica of St. Peter is such an extraordinary landmark that having the first Pope’s burial under the altar should be a larger deal of celebration and it should be a site that should be beautiful to see. I think that it is beautiful and it should be visited for all believers of Christ; it represents so much within the Church so I cannot say I can say that money spent on the construction is a major issue right now. Granite, I do prefer that there should be a much more financially stability within the whole Christian or Catholic community and the community of other religions. I would prefer the money for a beautiful Church be fund-raised or done through a mutual agreement with most of the believers because then it would be an inclusive project that was permitted to create something extraordinary.

  2. Josh Hammer says:

    The book that I chose for my traveling library was Galileo in Rome The Rise and Fall of a Troublesome Genuis by William R. Shea and Mariano Artiga. This story describes six excursions Galileo made to Rome. He was 23 years old when he went on his first journey to face the Inquisition in 1589. This painting known as View of Rome that I posted here, is a picture that is from the Vatican. This is significant because not only am I looking forward to visiting the Vatican and possibly seeing this wonderful painting; but this painting directly correlates with six trips taken by Galileo by giving us a visual. I chose this book because of the title, I wanted to read about the journey that formed Galileo and I wanted to learn about all of his trials that he went through.

  3. Jenni Hammer says:

    We are so proud of you Josh and are so glad that you get share in this once in lifetime experience! Enjoy every moment and take in as much as you can….we can’t wait to hear about all your experiences when you come back home safely to us!

    With love, Jenni, Dad, Julia and Gus

  4. Josh says:

    Woke up with the group at 4:30 am to see the Pope speak to the audience. This was absolutely amazing! Here’s the crowd at St. Peter’s Square

  5. Josh Hammer says:

    Pic of View from Castel di Saint Angelo

    Castel Di Saint Angelo:
    -location of Emperor Adrian’s burial
    -130AD-decided to build grave for his family and successor (all were buried here)
    A. 270 AD
    -last person buried
    -used to be covered by marble
    6th Century already a castle
    Bastion=part of the wall of the city, purpose to control entrance
    *full of decoration
    -eventually used stuff for war purposes
    *can make chalk w/ marble and anything w/ Bronze
    -world reuse statue
    Middle Age…Renaissance
    *i.e. Renaissance artist in jail
    *passage on top connected from apartment where the Pope lived @ Vatican
    *he could hide here during battle
    *As we walk up I learned that the ceiling was so tall b/c horses needed to travel through…along w/ wagons, resources, supplies etc.

  6. Josh Hammer says:

    Here is Pope Francis right in front of us at St. Peter’s Square! We woke up bright and early at 4:30 AM.

    St. Peter’s Cathedral
    *Church of St. Peter in Vatican state.
    -original 1st name of this area
    -acropoly=”city of dead”
    -under feet; ancient where St. Peter was buried
    -Constantine built 1st Church St. Peter
    -315 AD
    -bones of St. Peter in catacombs
    -brought them here
    *ghosttown…Pope wanted to construct Basilica here…controversial b/c St. Peter’s shrine was here
    -didn’t follow through
    *lot of money put in; finally finished
    (geometric patterns)
    (Renaissance Sculptors)
    Why Wake Up Early to wait in line with a huge crowd to see Pope Francis?
    1) I am only in Rome once, why not?
    2) I get to see Pope Francis
    3) When am I ever going to have the chance to ever do this again?
    Observation in the midst of the crazy crowd JOURNAL ENTRY
    *crowds of people…American & Italy
    *some rude people cutting us
    *guys in jester looking outfits/Swiss guards
    *people with hats/matching outfits i.e. shirts, hats, items of clothing/foundations
    *Bride & Groom
    *Lots of Camera’s
    *Security Camera’s
    *Poncho sellers
    *loud people
    *Big Canadian flag
    *peaceful sky
    *little humid, on & off sprinkling #pleasedon’t rain #wearingpoloforthePope
    *older group of people
    *variety of background/very diverse
    *lots of different languages
    *Bishops, Priests, Sisters
    * definitely a global event
    *different class of people
    * people trying to cut the line!
    *lots of videos/selfies…huuuuh
    *cloudy sky
    *beautiful scene
    *numerous priest walking through the gate
    * our group looks excited, drained, but talkative & still inclusive
    *friendly people
    * crowded more and more, group is still together
    * lots of laughter
    *signs everywhere, holding groups together
    *lots of chairs in front of St. Peter’s
    *ice cream shop yum
    *souvenir shop
    *people clapped, but I do not know what for
    *its raining, but now it’s time to go!
    * we made it through the crazy crowd! Now we’re here
    *beautiful view, podium, chair
    *opening, beautiful sculptures so many
    *so much detail on everything
    *people are trying to keep their group together
    *many officials/ classy apparel
    *together some children are sleeping, lots of family
    *people from Lebanon, France, other countries
    *people dressed semi formal, business casual
    *in the front, left to podium there are a crowd full of nuns sitting
    *2 other bride and grooms together
    * sky is clearing up, poeple are chaotic, mass number of people filling all the way to the very back of St. Peter’s Square.

  7. Josh Hammer says:


  8. Josh Hammer says:

    Tiber River
    What about the Tiber River?
    Process of urbaniztion
    *population desity
    *”community of higher population”
    *stable food supply (farming etc.)
    * advance in agricultural techniques–able to support certain level
    *not everyone has to farm
    *people can make things that aren’t necessities
    *1st food, resources,
    *symbols representing sound
    *trade & commerce
    -taxes makes most money
    *porta=to bring
    *function to protect the mouth of the TIBER
    * colony =town city out of Rome; piece of Rome somewhere else
    *North Africa…one of 1st colonies Austria
    *guarantee grain North & South of Rome
    *with the Empire; Austria reached more autonomy from colony
    *remains of Imperial Age b/c new kind of govt.
    *reused marbles etc. used to build something else
    *Rome was never abandoned
    *many buildings were used for resident; aristocracy
    400-500 AD
    *phenomenon of exportation…steal marbles, etc. collapse
    *Bricks were the foundation of the platform
    *marble at bottom of the brick
    *something of importance
    *debatable if there’s a roof
    *it was made of high importance
    *wide stairs
    *celebration of the deceased
    (every capitcal–religion, trade, shops)
    Tiber River= PROVIDED…trade;import/exportation
    -gathered necessary resources

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